A newspaper is a publication consisting of printed matter (typically written and illustrated) with news and information about current events. It is generally delivered on a daily basis and is sold or distributed at newsstands, shops, libraries and other locations where the public can access it. A general interest newspaper can cover a variety of topics, including national and international political events and personalities; business and finance; crime; weather; science and technology; and sports. It is also common for newspapers to include opinion articles called “op-ed” and letters to the editor that express readers’ views on public issues.
A typical newspaper is published by a company that owns the press and prints the paper as well as distributes it. The paper may be free to the public or for a subscription fee. Regardless of the distribution model, most newspapers are business enterprises and depend on a combination of subscription and newsstand sales revenue and advertising income from other businesses or individuals who wish to promote their products or services through the medium. The financial health of a newspaper is often measured by its market penetration, which is the percentage of households in its market area that receive a copy.
The editorial staff of a newspaper is responsible for selecting and editing stories to publish. The title of the person in charge of this process is usually editor-in-chief, although other titles such as executive editor and managing editor are also used. The editor is usually assisted by staff members who are specialized in specific areas of the newspaper, such as sports or local news. The chief editor typically assigns work to these staffers and supervises their progress.
Because of the large number of stories to be reviewed and edited, some mistakes do occur. Newspapers have tried to mitigate this problem in a variety of ways, such as appointing ombudsmen to address reader complaints, developing ethics policies and training for their staff, using more stringent corrections policies, communicating their processes and rationale with readers, and asking sources to review articles before publication.
In addition to the main editorial staff, most newspapers employ reporters, writers, proofreaders and designers. Traditionally, the main job of the editor was to determine which stories should be published and how they should be presented. The editor would also oversee other staff, such as proofreaders and fact checkers, who were responsible for ensuring that the newspaper’s content was accurate.
Since its inception in 1919, The Daily News has occupied a unique place in New York City. It has been at the center of cultural and social change, giving a voice to the voiceless, afflicting the comfortable and comforting the afflicted, and claiming 11 Pulitzer Prizes. Its journalists have gone on to become important figures in journalism and public life, including William F. Buckley, Pete Hamill, Jimmy Breslin, John Hersey, Samantha Chang, Joseph Lieberman, Paul Steiger, Garry Trudeau, and Daniel Yergin.